Protect yourself against the sunrays

Here are a few hints how to protect yourself against the dangerous UVA– and UVB-rays from the sun.

The UV rays emitted by the sun are strongest and most harmful at mid-day, between the hours of 11 a.m. and 2 p.m.

Calheta SunMost people think that they are well protected against these harmful sunrays by wearing just a T-shirt. Well … they are wrong! Only thick and dark clothing can protect your skin from these UV rays.

Best protection offers among others denim and thick wool. Light clothing of cotton or linen, which are moreover slightly of color, generally offers only moderate protection … which can be compared with a sun lotion factor 10.

Keep a long-sleeved shirt in the trunk of your (rental)car to put on when you go for an unexpected walk, or find yourself without sunscreen.

Of course we all realize that during the (hot) summer days most people will not wear thick trousers and pullovers. Therefore the advice is to use sun blockers and sunscreen lotions. Purchase sunscreen that has at least a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. Use it liberally, better too have more than less when being exposed to ultraviolet rays. Introduce the creme approximately a half hour before and …. an excessive lubrication of your skin is most worthwhile … even a must. Also a water-based sunscreen lotion is the best option above the other alternatives.

Enjoying the sun on Madeira - photo by sognocaliforniaThe main key to successful protection is reapplying! It might be that you will find no application “rules” on your bottle or that it is in a language you do not understand, but the suggested norm is every couple of hours. If you are sweating or swimming, most recommend reapplying more often.

Buy several smaller tubes of sunscreen, rather than one large tube. Keep one at home, near the front door, and one near the back door for easy access. Keep one in the car and one in your purse or briefcase.

Wear a hat with a wide brim when you are outside. This will protect your head, nose and ears from sun damage, and can also protect you from sunstroke.

For more information about UV Radiation, check also:

What happened exactly?

Could this phenomenon happen? is maybe one of the most asked questions when looking at the (awful) images that took place last Saturday here on Madeira.

There was no tropical storm … no hurricane …. no cyclone … no devastating hard winds … no tsunami-like waves. Just lots of rain …. plus the fact that …. Madeira is an island!

So how could this happen?

But first …. I am only looking for scientific or climatological explanation … and not political reactions. I do not want to hear/read politics …

My thoughts are the following:
Madeira was plagued by bad weather during the week before. On Saturday 20th of February the combination of heavy rainfall and winds over 60mph saturated the higher mountain regions, plus the fact that there was also snow in that area and the sudden increase of temperature, … caused an immediate swelling of the mountain streams, … resulting in walls of water and mud cascading down the slopes towards the southern coast. The abundance of water could not be handled by the drains and catch basins.

What do you think?

Dark Waters

You will have heard or read about the tragedy that took place here on Madeira Island last Saturday. That is why you were not able to read anything about Madeira through our blog. The loss of telephone and Internet communications, ….. but most of all we had to give our time to support our family, loved ones and friends. That is why we could not offer you news about the situation.

Gratefully the situation is now somewhat back to normal, but we regret to tell you that there were more than 40 mortal causalities. Our sincere thoughts and deepest condolences goes to their family, friends and their loved ones. Also those who are alive but have suffered … we wish them strength.

On Saturday 20th of February the island got caught in bad weather … dark clouds came over and it produced in a few hours time an extremmelly amount of rain. Heavy rainfall took place all over the island … especially in the higher mountain regions. The following result was that all that water from these high regions seeks its way down to rejoin the ocean … through rivers, waterfalls and, due to the abundance of it, the dark waters searched and created news ways to reach the coast. This caused a catastrophic situation for the regions near these waterways.

Again … the destructive part was not caused by winds, nor tropical storm, nor large destructive waves …. but merely the rain that fell on the island. The amount that fell was just overwhelming. Never, as long as people could remember, did they saw such a phenomenon like this here on Madeira Islands. We (Madeira) also experienced that the climate in the world is changing (has changed) … the same as in other countries.
The damage is now being solved and everybody is working hard to restore everything back. Victims are taken care of … thanks to the help from everybody on the island and from abroad.

I will finalize this post with the following message ….
The climate is changing … not only in our Atlantic region but also … in your own country. Madeira will prepare itself, as much as possible, for these changes. I hope that the rest of the world will do the same …